Jana Teremranova, IPE (Latvia) – 4 and 5 September,
Ana-Ruxandra Toma, UPB (Romania) – 4 to 8 September.
On September 4 to 8, 2017 the IEEE Smart Cities Initiative and the IEEE Italy Section in cooperation with the Department of Industrial Engineering of the University of Trento (Italy) organized the 2017 edition of the IEEE European Summer School on Smart Cities (IEEE S3C-EU 2017). On September 4 to 8, 2017 the IEEE Smart Cities Initiative and the IEEE Italy Section in cooperation with the Department of Industrial Engineering of the University of Trento (Italy) organized the 2017 edition of the IEEE European Summer School on Smart Cities (IEEE S3C-EU 2017).
The main objectives of the IEEE S3C-EU 2017 were:
- To bring together world-level experts in very different technical fields to present the state of the art of key subjects in the broad field of smart cities and to share their own ideas, visions and experiences with the attendees
- To present different analysis perspectives and enabling technologies
- To promote a discussion on challenging and emerging technical, social and economic issues
- To disseminate information about novel successful smart city implementations and advanced deployments
- To identify the most recent and relevant advancements, challenges, and opportunities promoting the transition towards a vibrant innovation-based society
- To foster interaction and collaborations with distinguished scholars and leading professionals.
The School provided a wide range of state-of-the-art courses and activities led by some of the most prominent researchers and practitioners in the area. The topics presented at the school were as follows:
Technologies evolution and deployment by Roberto Saracco, EIT Digital (Italy)
The current status of technologies in the areas of processing, storage, communications, sensors and charts of the foreseen evolution were examined, then smart technologies evolutions effect on the decisions of municipalities and companies working in the smart cities space was described. Finally, concrete examples of cities planning, including transportation, lightning and open data framework were provided.
Big data technologies for smart cities data exploitation by Yannis Velegrakis, University of Trento (Italy)
Data and information production is happening at the rates we have never seen before. As a result, the volume, variety and velocity of the data have grown so large that existing data management technologies are not able to cope with them. The data with these characteristics are referred to as Big Data. In this lecture, the limitations of the traditional technologies when dealing with Big Data were presented, as well as general principles of distributed processing, the modern programming paradigm of map reduce and the integration of data processing were described.
Using gamification to incentivize sustainable citizens' behavior by Marco Pistore, Elisabetta Farella, Annapaola Marconi, Fondazione Bruno Kessler (Italy)
Facilitating positive changes in citizens’ behaviors is an important dimension in a Smart City, and one of the key issues for city sustainability. However, innovative and often costly city policies and advanced IT solutions are liable to fail, if not combined with initiatives aimed at increasing the awareness of citizens, and promoting their behavioral change.
In this lecture, the potential of gamification mechanisms was discussed. Service–based gamification framework which can be used to develop long-running city-wide games on top of existing services and Internet of Things infrastructures within a Smart City was presented. The outcomes of the adoption of this framework in different open–field game campaigns that have been undertaken by the city of Trento to promote sustainable mobility were discussed.
IoT security: a perspective by Sandro Etalle, TU/e, Eindhoven University of Technology (Netherlands).
The lecture was about recent attacks on/using IoT devices and critical infrastructure, defense strategies (a bit technical but not too much), why IoT security is very different from IT security (architectural issues, vendor’s incentive, “patchability”, “monitorability”) and the IoT and critical infrastructure attacker.
Smart transportation: recent advances, applications and emerging challenges by Soufiene Djahel, Manchester Metropolitan University (UK).
In this lecture, an overview of the recent advances on smart transportation, including driverless cars and smart mobility apps, with special focus on connected cars system (or vehicular networks) was presented. After that, their recent contributions to safety messages dissemination and beaconing congestion control in urban vehicular networks along with advanced solutions for mitigating unexpected urban traffic congestion, were presented. In the end, we highlighted the main emerging challenges that impede the realization of a smart, sustainable and efficient mobility system.
Intelligent analytics for smart cities big data by Themis Palpanas, Paris Descartes University (France).
In this talk, different efforts in designing techniques for managing and analyzing a large number of high-rate data streams, such as data-driven data acquisition and distributed outlier detection, as well as indexing and mining truly massive collections of data series, have been described. We discussed novel techniques that adaptively create data series indexes, allowing users to correctly answer queries before the indexing task is finished. They also show how their methods allow mining on datasets that would otherwise be completely untenable, including the first published experiments using one billion data series.
Energy efficient buildings and urban sustainability by Alberto Sangiovanni-Vincentelli, University of California (Berkeley, USA).
At this lecture we learned that energy efficiency especially in tropical climates is a key component in making cities livable. It takes a great deal of integration among different disciplines to improve substantially energy consumption while keeping good living conditions for people. Some of the researches carried out in this domain with particular attention to the deployment of sensors and data analytics in the domain, were reviewed.
Smart healthcare and its relation with IoT and collaborative filtering by Agustí Solanas, URV, Rovira i Virgili University (Spain).
In this talk, was first introduced the concept of smart healthcare understood as the provision of healthcare in context-aware scenarios such as smart homes, smart hospitals and smart cities. The lecturer provided an overview on the topic and analysed the importance of the Internet of Things (IoT) for the practical deployment of smart healthcare solutions. In the second part of the discussion, the foundations of the referral systems were recalled and special attention was paid to collaborative filtering. The discussion was completed by giving participants real examples where collaborative filtering techniques are used to help solve smart health problems.
Smart cities in MENA region: Masdar City, an oasis or a mirage by Ali Oualid, Smart Cities expert, President of Future Cities Council. In this lecture, we focused on and analyzed the case of a futuristic smart city in the United Arab Emirates called Masdar. We have discussed in detail the success and failure characteristics of such a city.
Innovation dimensions for future cities by Lanfranco Marasso, Engineering (Italy). In this lecture, it was emphasized that the development of effective technological solutions in response to emerging requests of new smart services of this comprehensive vision of the city necessarily starts from the available assets (which are coherently integrated with innovative processes, models and technologies). This “digital transformation” builds upon two pillars characterizing the city of the future: the integrated management of data and the use of Open Service Technology Platforms.
This school was a great opportunity to disseminate the project mid-results and make new contacts with colleagues interested in knowledge exchange in the field of smart city.